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Workforce Education » Emergency Medical Services

Emergency Medical Services


Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

This introductory level program includes training in patient assessment, vital signs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), automated external defibrillator (AED), medical illnesses, traumatic injuries and emergency childbirth.

The EMR role is varied. The EMR may be an employee or volunteer with an emergency medical service (EMS) to assist EMTs on ambulance calls. A firefighter or law enforcement officer may also be an EMR to provide emergency medical care prior to the arrival of an ambulance. In addition, some businesses and industries utilize EMRs as members of safety teams.

The EMR level is not required to become an EMT.

EMR National Registry certification testing information

Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) conduct basic, noninvasive interventions to save lives and reduce harm at emergency sites. They do everything a responder does, plus they have the skills needed to transport patients safely. In many places, EMTs provide the majority of out-of-hospital care.

EMTs are the most common type of providers in all of emergency medical services. EMTs are sometimes referred to as EMT-Basics or EMT-1s. However, do not be fooled by the term "entry-level." EMTs learn the essential skills to help in life-threatening situations and their education is the foundation for all other levels of provider.

As one EMS instructor recently put it, "You can't learn and be good at advanced skills without having a solid foundation of basic skills."

Many paramedics, doctors, nurses, and firefighters have used their EMT education and work experience as a stepping stone to their new career.

EMT National Registry certification testing information

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Chris Layton & Chris Porter