Weblinks for The geology of a watershed

Web page by Pat Pringle, Associate Professor of Earth Science, Centralia College

Research links

searchable Washington State bibliography of geology   *KEY RESEARCH TOOL FOR WA STATE GEOSCIENCES*

(For the above online bibliography, search various fields, ex: "Chehalis River" in title field or "Lewis Co" in geographic area field)

Pat's resources for Earth science students  NEW See under "maps" the new one-stop shopping site for geologic maps at WADNR Geology Division and also the geology portal   Once you have created a map, see the helpful links about how to do edit digital pictures and do diagrams for field reports.

Also get hydrologic info via Pat's weather and climate links  (scroll down on this page for links to USGS hydrologic stations)

Streams, an outline  

Online resources on streams

Fluvial systems from Michael Ritter's online geography book   Select "topic outline" to get started on the topics in this chapter. This is another fine online resource at your fingertips!

Online resource: streams and landform evolution from the Digital Library of Earth Science  Online reource provides a good overview of vocabulary and concepts about streams.

Annenberb Earth Revealed videos: half-hour videos on various topics related to earth science See videos 19 and 20 on running water. Click the VoD button to watch video.

Nisqually River web links

Nisqually River Council        NRC Watershed Planning

Nisqually River Stream Stewards

Nisqually River Land Trust

The Evergreen State Univ. Nisqually River Archive

Nisqually River hydropower projects

Chehalis River links

Chehalis River Council  *KEY SITE"

Chehalis Basin Partnership  Grays Harbon County

Corp of Engineers Chehalis Flood plan

Chehalis Basin flood plan

Chehalis River Basin Flood Authority  

Chehalis River 2007 Flood



Related links

Mount Rainier National Park

Nisqually River National Wildlife Refuge

Dr. Stephen Porter on Climate Variations in the Pacific NW

WA_Department of Ecology WRIA links

Czuba, Jonathan A.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Czuba, Christiana R.; Grossman, Eric E.; Curran, Christopher A.; Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Dinicola, Richard S., 2011, Sediment load from major rivers into Puget Sound and its adjacent waters: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3083, 4 p. [accessed Sep. 30, 2011 at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3083/ ]  For the above USGS Fact Sheet, see "view index page" link to open the document. This is an overview of amount of sediment contributed to Puget Sound annually by various rivers.  

US Geological Survey links for the Nisqually River and other watersheds

USGS Washington Water Science Center   (ex: "Water Data" and "publications" links)

USGS Washington Water Science Center - Nisqually River Basin

Effects of lahars on Holocene deltas in Puget Sound--Nisqually

USGS Nisqually River gaging stations

USGS Science in your watershed --Nisqually

selected Chehalis River publications

Snavely, Parke Detweiler, Jr.; Brown, Robert David, Jr.; Roberts, Albert Eugene; Rau, Weldon Willis, 1958, Geology and coal resources of the Centralia-Chehalis district, Washington, with a section on Microscopical character of Centralia-Chehalis coal, by J. M. Schopf: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1053, 159 p., 6 plates. [accessed Jul. 19, 2007 at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/b/b1053]

Nisqually River publications (hydrology)

Czuba, Jonathan A.; Olsen, Theresa D.; Czuba, Christiana R.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Gish, Casey C., 2012, Changes in sediment volume in Alder Lake, Nisqually River basin, Washington, 1945-2011: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012-1068, 30 p. [accessed May 1, 2012 at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1068] This report analyzes the amount of sediment deposited in parts of Alder Reservoir since 1945.

Cummans, J.E., 1974, Flood profiles and inundated areas along the lower Nisqually River, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 73-42, 9 p.

Heliker, C.C., Johnson, Arthur, and Hodge, S.M., 1984, The Nisqually glacier, Mount Rainier,Washington, 1857 - 1979: A summary of the long-term observations and a comprehensive bibliography: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-541, 20 p.

Jones, J.L., Haluska, T.L., and Kresch, D.L., 2001, Updating flood maps efficiently using existing hydraulic models, very-high-accuracy elevation data, and a geographic information system - A pilot study on the Nisqually River, Washington (PDF, 2.4 MB): U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4051, 25 p.

Lum, W.E., II, 1984, Availability of ground water from the alluvial aquifer on the Nisqually Indian Reservation,Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 83-4185, 42 p.

Myers, D.A., and Cummans, J.E., 1973, Water resources of the Nisqually Indian Reservation, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 73-201, 30 p.

Nelson, L.M., 1974, Sediment transport by streams in the Deschutes and Nisqually River basins, Washington, November 1971 - June 1973: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 74-1078, 37 p.

Nelson, L.M., 1987, Flood characteristics for the Nisqually River and susceptibility of Sunshine Point and Longmire facilities to flooding in Mount Rainier National Park, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4179, 18 p.

Veatch, F.M., 1969, Analysis of a 24-year photographic record of Nisqually glacier, Mount Rainier National Park, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 631, 52 p.

Other references

Pringle, Patrick T., 2008, Roadside geology of Mount Rainier National Park and vicinity: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources Information Circular 107, 191 p. [Accessed on June 3, 2008 at http://www.dnr.wa.gov/ResearchScience/Topics/GeologyPublicationsLibrary/Pages/pub_ic107.aspx]  You can download the chapters for free! Leg A goes up the Nisqually River to Paradise. 

Water and watersheds

WA Dept. of Ecology - Water Resources

Dept. of Ecology watershed management plan

updated on July 3, 2012