Review Sheet, Lecture Test Two,  Botany 113  Spring 2006

 

Reproductive Parts

 

Flower parts:  petals, sepals, stamens (anther, filament), pistils (stigma, style, ovary) [= the four basic parts] plus receptacle, peduncle, pedicle.  corolla, calyx, perianth.  

 

incomplete vs. complete flower

 

connate, adnate

 

Flower symmetry:  zygomorphic (irregular, bilateral symmetry), actinomorphic (regular, radial symmetry)

 

Flower sexuality:  perfect vs. imperfect, staminate, pistillate, monoecious, dioecious, synoecious

 

Position of flower parts:  perigynous, hypogynous, epigynous, superior vs. inferior ovary.

 

Placentation: parietal, free central, axile, apical, basal

 

Infloresence types: spike, raceme, panicle, catkin, umbel, spadix, head and solitary.

 

Fruit types: drupe, berry, pepo, hesperidium, pome, follicle, legume, capsule, silique achene, samara, hip, caryopsis, nut, mulitple fruit, and aggregate fruit.

 

How can a carpel be determined?  (Highest number of: stigma lobes, styles, locules, placentae)

 

Phylogenetic characteristics that would indicate primitive or advanced features

Period and age in millions of years of oldest flowers

 

Pollination vs. fertilization, flower traits associated with certain pollinators, fruits with seed dispersers.