Stephen Francis Norton
Centralia, WA 98531
360-736-9391, ext. 261
B.A. Harvard University, 1980 (cum laude in Biology)
2006 – present: Assistant
Visiting Faculty Member, The
2002 – 2004: Visiting
Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies Program,
1993 - 2002: Visiting Assistant
Professor, Department of Biology,
1991 - 1993 Postdoctoral Research
Associate, Department of
1989 - 1991 Postdoctoral Research Associate, Fisheries Research Institute, College of Ocean and Fisheries Science, University of Washington with Dr. Bruce Miller. I conducted research on the effects of temperature on capture success in cottid fishes and on the evolution and comparative ecology of snail-punching cottids.
1990 - 1991 Visiting Lecturer, East/West
Program, Northeastern University. I co-taught field courses on "Diving
Research Methods" at
1988 - 1989 Lecturer, Department
of Organismal Biology and Anatomy,
1988 Visiting Lecturer,
1987 - 1988 Assistant Curator of
1980 - 1988 Teaching Assistant,
1986 Visiting Lecturer,
1977-1980 Research Assistant to Dr. K.P. Sebens,
1977 Research Assistant to Dr. R.W.
Honors and Awards:
1987 Honorable Mention, Best Student Paper Award, Division of Vertebrate Morphology, American Society of Zoologists
1985 ARCO Best Student Paper Award, Western Society of Naturalists
1984, 1985 Regents' Fellowship,
1980, 1981 Honorable Mention, National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship Program
1980 Magna cum laude for senior honors thesis, "Seasonal feeding ecology of a benthic
Myoxocephalus aeneus, in the
1978 Earthwatch Scholarship
Experience at the
Environmental Studies 105 – Environmental Science*#
Environmental Studies 400 – Senior Seminar in Environmental Studies#
Biology 370A - Conservation Biology*#
Biology 1050 – General Biology*#
Biology 1100 – Principles of Biology I*#
Biology 2130 – Survey of Human Anatomy and Physiology#
Biology 3660 – Introduction to Marine Biology*#
Biology 4200/4201& 6800/6850 – Population and Community Ecology*#&
Biology 5550/5551 - Ichthyology*#&
I also have contributed to several team-taught interdisciplinary courses including COAS 2025 (Survey of Coastal and Marine Resources) and COAS 5000 (Shipboard and Underwater Research Techniques).
* - course taught exclusively with multimedia lectures, # - undergraduate course, & - graduate course
Research Publications - Peer-Reviewed Articles:
Norton, S.F., Z.A. Eppley & B.D. Sidell. (2000) Allometric scaling of maximal enzyme activities in axial muscle of striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 73:819-828.
Dowse, H.B., S.F. Norton, and B.D. Sidell (2000). The estimation of the diffusion constant and solubility of O2 in tissue using kinetics. Journal of Theoretical Biology 207:531-541.
T.J. McConnell, U.B. Goodwin, S.F. Norton, R.S. Nairn, S. Kazianis, and D.C. Morizot. 1998. Identification and mapping of two divergent, unlinked major histocompatibility complex class II B genes in Xiphophorus fishes. Genetics 149:1921-1934.
Norton, S.F. 1995. A functional approach to ecomorphological patterns of feeding in cottid fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 44: 61-78.
Norton, S.F., J.J. Luczkovich, & P.J. Motta. 1995. The role of ecomorphological studies in the comparative biology of fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 44: 287-304.
Motta, P.J., S.F. Norton, & J.J. Luczkovich. 1995. Perspectives on the ecomorphology of bony fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 44: 11 -20.
Luczkovich, J.J., S.F. Norton & G. Gilmore. 1995. The influence of oral anatomy on the prey selection during the ontogeny of two percoid fishes, Lagodon rhomboides and Centropomus unidecimalis. Environmental Biology of Fishes 44:79-85.
Norton, S.F. & E.L. Brainerd. 1993. Convergence in the feeding mode of ecomorphologically similar species in the Centrarchidae and Cichlidae. Journal of Experimental Biology 176:11-29
Norton, S.F. 1991. The role of predator morphology and kinematics in attack success of cottid fishes. Ecology 72: 1807-1819.
Norton, S.F. 1991. Habitat use and community structure in an assemblage of cottid fishes. Ecology 72: 2181-2192.
Norton, S.F. 1988. The role of the gastropod shell and operculum in inhibiting predation by fishes. Science 241 : 92-95
Kuris, A.M. & S.F. Norton. 1985. Evolutionary importance of overspecialization: insect parasitoids as an example. American Naturalist 126:387-391.
Lauder, G.V. & S.F. Norton. 1980. Asymmetrical muscle activity during feeding in the gar, Lepisosteus oculatus. Journal of Experimental Biology 84:17-32.
Research Publications in Proceedings, Book Chapters, Reviews:
Norton, S.F. and C.D. Stallings.
1999. The distribution and
abundance of three aposematic, chemically defended gammarid amphipods off
Norton, S.F. and A.E. Cook. 1998. Predation by fishes in the intertidal. Pages 223-263. In Intertidal
Fishes: Life in Two Worlds, (M.H.
Horn, K.L.M. Martin, and M.A. Chotkowski, eds.). Academic Press,
Norton, S.F. 1995. An evolutionary perspective on ecology and morphology. A review of Ecological Morphology: Integrative Organismal Biology P.C. Wainwright & S.M. Reilly (eds.). Ecology 76: 2677-2678.
Research Publications - Books:
S.F. Norton (ed.). 2003. Diving for Science 2003. Proceeding of the
J.J. Luczkovich, P.J. Motta, S.F. Norton,
and K.F. Liem (eds.). 1995. Ecomorphology
of Fishes, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The
Norton, S.F. & A.C. Lamb. The evolution of snail-punching in cottid fishes. In revision.
Norton, S.F. A comparison of prey selection and handling behavior by two snail-punching cottids, Asemichthys taylori and Radulinus boleoides. In prep.
Zalewski, J.A. and S.F. Norton. Predator-prey interactions between three species of chemically-defended, of aposematic gammarid amphipods and cottid fishes. In prep.
Norton, S.F. and
M.E. Hutchinson and S.F. Norton. Ontogeny and regeneration of chemical defense in the gammarid amphipods: Chromopleustes oculatus, Ch. lineatus, and Cryptodius kelleri. In prep.
1999 The role of habitat limitation and predator defense for aggregation in aposematic, chemically-defended gammarid amphipods. Funded by PADI Foundation, $6200 to support field research by Medolian Corey Pressley, one of my graduate students at E.C.U.
Norton, S.F. 2001.
Virtual field trips / site briefings for the internet. Pp. 65-69 in S.C. Jewett (ed.), Cold Water Diving for Science. Proceedings of the 21st Annual
Scientific Diving Symposium.
Norton, S.F. 2002. PowerPoint Lectures to Accompany Biology 6th Edition by Neil A. Campbell and Jane B. Reece. CD available from Addison Wesley.
Nortons S.F. 2002. Rocky and Wreck Fishes of North Carolina: A Web-based Field Guide [http://core.edu.edu/biol/nortons/NC Fish/index.html]
2000 Virtual Field Trips for Marine Biology and Ichthyology. Funded by the E.C.U. Teaching Grants Committee, $8380.
Ecological Society of
I have reviewed manuscripts for Journal of Experimental Biology, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Journal of Morphology, Marine Biology, and Journal of Fish Biology and grant proposals for the National Science Foundation and SeaGrant.
of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the
2003 Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the Washington Department of Natural Resources Marine Reserve Program
2002/2003 Local planning/organizing committee for the annual meeting of the American Association of Underwater Scientists, held at E.C.U. in spring 2003.
to a minority student in the Blinks Fellows in Marine Research Program at
2001 Guest Reader, Sigma Xi Grant-in-Aid of Research Committee
2000 Member, Nominating Committee for Western Society of Naturalists
1998 Mentor for two minority students in the
Blinks Fellows in Marine Research Program at
1996, 1997 Member, Nominating Committee for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology.
Scientist for the Summer Undergraduate Research in Biology program (funded by
1992 Co-organizer of the symposium "The ecomorphological relationships of fishes" for the annual meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Published in October 1995 in Environmental Biology of Fishes with my co-editors, P.J. Motta, J.J. Luczkovich, and K.F. Liem. The volume was published separately as Ecomorphology of Fishes by Kluwer Academic Publishers.
University Service at E.C.U.:
2001 - 2002 member of the Undergraduate Education Assessment Committee in Biology
1997-1999 member of E.C.U. Diving Safety Control Board
1998 - 2002 member of the interdisciplinary program in Coastal Studies, E.C.U.
1998 - 2002 member of the Coastal Resource Management Ph.D. program, E.C.U.
1998 - 2002 member of Undergraduate Curriculum Committee in Biology, E.C.U.
1998 - 2002 member of Boat Committee in Biology, E.C.U.
1995 - 2002 advisor for 30+
1992 Invited speaker for the symposium, “Ecomorphology of fishes” for the annual meeting of the American Society for Ichthyology and Herpetology.
1994 Invited speaker for the symposium, "Intertidal fishes: life in two worlds" for the annual meeting of the American Society for Ichthyology and Herpetology.
Invited Research Seminars:
Studies Program, The Evergreen
2001, 1995, 1989, 1985
of Biological Sciences,
University Marine Laboratory,
1998 Institute for Marine
1995, 1996 Department of Biology,
of the Atlantic,
1991, 1992 Department of Zoology
of Biological Sciences,
of Organismal Biology and Anatomy,
1986 Moss Landing Marine Laboratory